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http://gjm-suplierbahanbangunan.comIndustri bahan bangunan di Indonesia terus berkembang pesat seiring dengan meningkatnya kondisi perekonomian nasional, dimana kesejahteraan masyarakat dengan  memberikan kontribusi besar dalam pengembangan industri bahan bangunan karena bahan bangunan yang merupakan komponen utama dalam pembangunan fisik berupa sarana dan prasarana infrastruktur. Hal tersebut telah disampaikan Menteri Perindustrian dalam sambutannya yang telah dibacakan oleh Dirjen Industri Agro Panggah Susanto pada pembukaan Pameran Industri Keramik dan Bahan Bangunan di Plasa Pameran Industri, Kementerian Perindustrian.

Pameran yang telah berlangsung selama empat hari, mulai tanggal 19 – 22 November 2013 lalu , telah diikuti oleh sebanyak 33 peserta yang terdiri dari 10perusahaan keramik yang memproduksi ubin keramik (tile), tableware dan sanitair; 4 perusahaan kaca yang memproduksi kaca lembaran dan hias; 5 perusahaan semen; 2 perusahan cat; 10 industri kecil keramik hias; Balai Besar Keramik (BBK) Bandung; dan Lembaga pendidikan SMK provinsi Yogyakarta. Tahun ini, pameran telah memilih tema “Dari Sumber daya Alam Indonesia untuk Produk Berkualitas dan Ramah Lingkungan” karena berkaitan dengan bahan baku yang umumnya bersumber pada sumber daya alam (SDA) Indonesia dan pemenuhan kualitas produk serta kecenderungan masyarakat saat ini untuk menggunakan produk ramah lingkungan.

Dapat disampaikan, industri keramik nasional telah menempatkan Indonesia sebagai salah satu negara produsen keramik tile terbesar ke enam di dunia setelahtelah China, Italy, Spanyol, Turki dan Brazil dengan nilai ekspor rata-rata per tahun sekitar USD 200 juta dan kapasitas produksi pada tahun 2013 mencapai 420 juta m2.

Sementara itu, pada tahun 2012, total kapasitas produksi industri semen telah mencapai 59,7 juta ton dari 11 produsen yang tersebar di Jawa, Sumatera, Kalimantan, Sulawesi, dan Nusa Tenggara. Sedangkan, kebutuhan semen tahun 2012 mencapai 54,9 juta ton dengan produksi sebesar 51,4 juta ton dan diharapkan konsumsi semen nasional pada tahun-tahun mendatang dapat terus meningkat.

Industri kaca sebagai industri padat modal dan padat energi yang telah mencapai volume penjualan pada tahun 2012 sebesar 1,15 juta ton atau telah meningkat sebesar 6,5% jika dibanding dengan tahun sebelumnya. Sedangkan, konsumsi industri cat nasional pada tahun 2012 mencapai 820 ribu ton atau meningkat sekitar 9% dibanding tahun sebelumnya, sehingga diharapkan tingginya permintaan cat di dalam negeri dapat menjadi peluang untuk dapat mengembangkan industri cat nasional.

“Salah satu indikator berkembangnya industri bahan bangunan adalah banyaknya bermunculan toko bahan bangunan yang telah memiliki konsep modern seperti pasar swalayan dengan bangunan yang luas dan jumlah barang yang sangat banyak sehingga menjadi tempat one stop shopping untuk membeli bahan bangunan,” tegas Menperin.

Saat ini, kebijakan strategis yang telah dilakukan oleh pemerintah dalam pengembagan industri bahan bangunan adalah pemanfaatan teknologi ramah lingkungan yang dikenal dengan Teknologi Hijau, yang juga merupakan teknik untuk menghasilkan energi dan/atau produk yang tidak mencemari lingkungan hidup, dimana akan dapat melahirkan banyak inovasi dan perubahan dalam kehidupan sehari-hari. Lingkup Teknologi Hijau mencakup bidang-bidang, antara lain  energi terbarukan (renewable energy); bangunan hijau/ramah lingkungan (green building); kimia hijau (green chemistry); dan teknologi nano hijau (green nanotechnology).

Menurut Menperin, bangunan hijau (green building) mendapat perhatian penting di bidang teknologi hijau. Segala sesuatu yang berkaitan dengan pembangunan rumah atau infrastruktur yang ramah lingkungan saat ini telah menjadi trend, seiring dengan meningkatnya kesadaran pelestarian lingkungan. Penerapannya mulai dari pemilihan bahan bangunan hingga lokasi tempat bangunan yang akan didirikan, diharapkan telah mempertimbangan kelestarian lingkungan hidup. ”Untuk mendapatkan bangunan hijau diperlukan bahan bangunan yang mendukung. Oleh karena itu, industri bahan bangunan harus dapat mengembangkan produknya dengan memanfaatkan bahan baku lokal secara maksimal melalui pengembangan teknologi proses, desain maupun peningkatan sumber daya manusi”.

Dalam upaya untuk menjamin kualitas produk, maka diperlukan standar yang dapat memenuhi spesifikasi minimal yang dipersyaratkan. Pada industri bahan bangunan telah banyak produk yang telah memiliki standar baik yang bersifat wajib maupun tidak. Standar Nasional Indonesia (SNI) yang sudah diberlakukan secara wajib, antara lain untuk produk semen, kaca lembaran dan ubin keramik, sedangkan untuk produk cat saat ini sedang disusun SNI yang akan diberlakukan secara wajib.

http://gjm-supplierbahanbangunan

PENGEMBANGAN BAHAN BANGUNAN RAMAH LINGKUNGAN

BALTIMORE — In the afternoons, the streets of Locust Point are clean and nearly silent. In front of the rowhouses, potted plants rest next to steps of brick or concrete. There is a shopping center nearby with restaurants, and a grocery store filled with fresh foods.

And the National Guard and the police are largely absent. So, too, residents say, are worries about what happened a few miles away on April 27 when, in a space of hours, parts of this city became riot zones.

“They’re not our reality,” Ashley Fowler, 30, said on Monday at the restaurant where she works. “They’re not what we’re living right now. We live in, not to be racist, white America.”

As Baltimore considers its way forward after the violent unrest brought by the death of Freddie Gray, a 25-year-old black man who died of injuries he suffered while in police custody, residents in its predominantly white neighborhoods acknowledge that they are sometimes struggling to understand what beyond Mr. Gray’s death spurred the turmoil here. For many, the poverty and troubled schools of gritty West Baltimore are distant troubles, glimpsed only when they pass through the area on their way somewhere else.

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Officers blocked traffic at Pennsylvania and West North Avenues after reports that a gun was discharged in the area. Credit Drew Angerer for The New York Times

And so neighborhoods of Baltimore are facing altogether different reckonings after Mr. Gray’s death. In mostly black communities like Sandtown-Winchester, where some of the most destructive rioting played out last week, residents are hoping businesses will reopen and that the police will change their strategies. But in mostly white areas like Canton and Locust Point, some residents wonder what role, if any, they should play in reimagining stretches of Baltimore where they do not live.

“Most of the people are kind of at a loss as to what they’re supposed to do,” said Dr. Richard Lamb, a dentist who has practiced in the same Locust Point office for nearly 39 years. “I listen to the news reports. I listen to the clergymen. I listen to the facts of the rampant unemployment and the lack of opportunities in the area. Listen, I pay my taxes. Exactly what can I do?”

And in Canton, where the restaurants have clever names like Nacho Mama’s and Holy Crepe Bakery and Café, Sara Bahr said solutions seemed out of reach for a proudly liberal city.

“I can only imagine how frustrated they must be,” said Ms. Bahr, 36, a nurse who was out with her 3-year-old daughter, Sally. “I just wish I knew how to solve poverty. I don’t know what to do to make it better.”

The day of unrest and the overwhelmingly peaceful demonstrations that followed led to hundreds of arrests, often for violations of the curfew imposed on the city for five consecutive nights while National Guard soldiers patrolled the streets. Although there were isolated instances of trouble in Canton, the neighborhood association said on its website, many parts of southeast Baltimore were physically untouched by the tumult.

Tensions in the city bubbled anew on Monday after reports that the police had wounded a black man in Northwest Baltimore. The authorities denied those reports and sent officers to talk with the crowds that gathered while other officers clutching shields blocked traffic at Pennsylvania and West North Avenues.

Lt. Col. Melvin Russell, a community police officer, said officers had stopped a man suspected of carrying a handgun and that “one of those rounds was spent.”

Colonel Russell said officers had not opened fire, “so we couldn’t have shot him.”

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Lambi Vasilakopoulos, right, who runs a casual restaurant in Canton, said he was incensed by last week's looting and predicted tensions would worsen. Credit Drew Angerer for The New York Times

The colonel said the man had not been injured but was taken to a hospital as a precaution. Nearby, many people stood in disbelief, despite the efforts by the authorities to quash reports they described as “unfounded.”

Monday’s episode was a brief moment in a larger drama that has yielded anger and confusion. Although many people said they were familiar with accounts of the police harassing or intimidating residents, many in Canton and Locust Point said they had never experienced it themselves. When they watched the unrest, which many protesters said was fueled by feelings that they lived only on Baltimore’s margins, even those like Ms. Bahr who were pained by what they saw said they could scarcely comprehend the emotions associated with it.

But others, like Lambi Vasilakopoulos, who runs a casual restaurant in Canton, said they were incensed by what unfolded last week.

“What happened wasn’t called for. Protests are one thing; looting is another thing,” he said, adding, “We’re very frustrated because we’re the ones who are going to pay for this.”

There were pockets of optimism, though, that Baltimore would enter a period of reconciliation.

“I’m just hoping for peace,” Natalie Boies, 53, said in front of the Locust Point home where she has lived for 50 years. “Learn to love each other; be patient with each other; find justice; and care.”

A skeptical Mr. Vasilakopoulos predicted tensions would worsen.

“It cannot be fixed,” he said. “It’s going to get worse. Why? Because people don’t obey the laws. They don’t want to obey them.”

But there were few fears that the violence that plagued West Baltimore last week would play out on these relaxed streets. The authorities, Ms. Fowler said, would make sure of that.

“They kept us safe here,” she said. “I didn’t feel uncomfortable when I was in my house three blocks away from here. I knew I was going to be O.K. because I knew they weren’t going to let anyone come and loot our properties or our businesses or burn our cars.”

Baltimore Residents Away From Turmoil Consider Their Role

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