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Bekasi, Saco-Indonesia.com — Dengan adanya Badan Kerja Sama Antarprovinsi dinilai belum efektif. Lembaga ini diharapkan mampu menyelesaikan persoalan Jakarta dan sekitarnya, seperti banjir dan kemacetan. Kenyataannya, belum ada hasil signifikan setelah selama lebih dari tiga dekade terbentuk.

Badan Kerja Sama Antarprovinsi (BKSP) terdiri dari Pemprov DKI Jakarta, Banten, dan Jawa Barat. Lembaga ini diketuai gubernur secara bergiliran dan dijalankan kepala sekretariat eselon II-B. Wakil Gubernur DKI Jakarta Basuki Tjahaja Purnama menilai, mereka yang duduk dalam BKSP seharusnya memiliki kewenangan lebih.

”Selama ini, mereka yang duduk di sana merasa menjadi orang buangan. Saya pikir lebih efektif jika persoalan antarwilayah diselesaikan dengan membentuk panitia sementara yang dikoordinasi Menteri Pekerjaan Umum,” kata Basuki, Rabu (15/1), di Jakarta.

Dia mengusulkan agar badan seperti ini ditiadakan saja. Sebab, selain memboroskan anggaran, badan ini juga tidak efektif menyelesaikan persoalan besar Jakarta dan sekitarnya. Pada perjalanannya, BKSP juga tidak mampu menjawab persoalan sektoral di setiap wilayah. Buktinya, pemerintah daerah yang tergabung dalam lembaga itu belum satu visi, terutama dalam penanganan banjir.

Sebelumnya, Direktur Jenderal Sumber Daya Air Kementerian Pekerjaan Umum Mohammad Hasan mengatakan, kerja sama antara Kementerian Pekerjaan Umum langsung dan daerah tertentu, seperti DKI, cukup membuahkan hasil. Kerja sama seperti pembagian tugas dalam normalisasi sungai, pihaknya menjalankan proyek fisik dan DKI membebaskan lahan, berjalan cukup lancar.

DKI juga dianggap proaktif menjalankan tugasnya, seperti perbaikan situ/waduk. Akan tetapi, nasib situ/waduk di daerah lain hingga kini masih mengenaskan. Masalah ini menjadi perhatian Hasan meskipun ia susah berbuat banyak karena revitalisasi situ/waduk berada di tangan pemerintah daerah.

”Namun akan tetap kami upayakan agar situ/waduk di sekitar Jakarta tetap berjalan baik revitalisasinya,” kata Hasan.

Ultimatum warga bantaran

Terkait tersendatnya normalisasi kali, Basuki memberi ultimatum kepada warga yang tinggal di bantaran sungai. Setelah satu tahun ke depan, warga harus bersedia meninggalkan tempat tinggalnya. Sejalan dengan itu, Pemprov DKI mempercepat pembangunan rumah susun sewa di sejumlah wilayah.

”Ini tahun terakhir. Mohon maaf kepada orang yang tinggal di pinggiran sungai, saya pasti gusur Anda. Kami selama ini menahan karena tidak ingin dianggap melanggar HAM (hak asasi manusia). Nanti kami lakukan relokasi, silakan jika masih dianggap melanggar HAM,” kata Basuki.

Untuk mengurangi dampak banjir, Pemprov DKI bekerja sama dengan pemerintah pusat mulai normalisasi Kali Pesanggrahan, Angke, dan Sunter. Namun, program ini terkendala pembebasan lahan. Warga yang tinggal di bantaran kali tidak bersedia pindah dengan alasan yang beragam.

Sampai akhir 2013, pembebasan lahan di Kali Pesanggrahan, Jakarta Selatan, belum berjalan lancar. Pembebasan lahan baru bisa dilakukan di empat dari sembilan kelurahan. Di empat kelurahan tersebut terdapat sembilan bidang tanah seluas 24.969 meter persegi yang sudah dibebaskan. Nilai tanah yang dibebaskan itu Rp 42,821 miliar.

Lahan yang belum dibebaskan di Kali Pesanggrahan sepanjang 28 kilometer. Adapun pembebasan lahan di Kali Angke dan Sunter masih tahap pematokan lahan dan negosiasi harga.

Jalin kerja sama

Pemerintah Kabupaten dan Kota Tangerang berinisiatif melakukan kerja sama dalam antisipasi, menanggulangi, dan merencanakan desain daerah bebas banjir. Langkah itu diambil mengingat kerja sama Jabodetabek hingga saat ini belum ada realisasinya.

”Kerja sama ini baru terjalin antara Kabupaten dan Kota Tangerang. Sejauh ini kerja sama dengan Tangerang Selatan belum dijajaki. Ke depannya, kami akan menjajaki kerja sama dengan Tangerang Selatan dan Pemprov Banten,” kata Bupati Tangerang Ahmed Zaki Iskandar, Rabu.

Sementara itu, meskipun telah dilarang berjualan di tepi dinding Kanal Barat, sejumlah pedagang tetap nekat memasang tenda. Ratna Kumala (37), warga RT 014 RW 004, Petamburan, Jakarta Pusat, misalnya, Rabu, mendirikan tenda. Saminem, warga RT 001 RW 007, Kelurahan Bendungan Hilir, Pejompongan, Jakarta Pusat, berharap ia dibolehkan lagi membuka warung nasi di tepi dinding Kanal Barat.

Sumber : kompas.com

Editor : Maulana Lee

Ibu Kota Jakarta, Banten, dan Jawa Barat Tak Satu Visi Tangani Banjir

Though Robin and Joan Rolfs owned two rare talking dolls manufactured by Thomas Edison’s phonograph company in 1890, they did not dare play the wax cylinder records tucked inside each one.

The Rolfses, longtime collectors of Edison phonographs, knew that if they turned the cranks on the dolls’ backs, the steel phonograph needle might damage or destroy the grooves of the hollow, ring-shaped cylinder. And so for years, the dolls sat side by side inside a display cabinet, bearers of a message from the dawn of sound recording that nobody could hear.

In 1890, Edison’s dolls were a flop; production lasted only six weeks. Children found them difficult to operate and more scary than cuddly. The recordings inside, which featured snippets of nursery rhymes, wore out quickly.

Yet sound historians say the cylinders were the first entertainment records ever made, and the young girls hired to recite the rhymes were the world’s first recording artists.

Year after year, the Rolfses asked experts if there might be a safe way to play the recordings. Then a government laboratory developed a method to play fragile records without touching them.

Audio

The technique relies on a microscope to create images of the grooves in exquisite detail. A computer approximates — with great accuracy — the sounds that would have been created by a needle moving through those grooves.

In 2014, the technology was made available for the first time outside the laboratory.

“The fear all along is that we don’t want to damage these records. We don’t want to put a stylus on them,” said Jerry Fabris, the curator of the Thomas Edison Historical Park in West Orange, N.J. “Now we have the technology to play them safely.”

Last month, the Historical Park posted online three never-before-heard Edison doll recordings, including the two from the Rolfses’ collection. “There are probably more out there, and we’re hoping people will now get them digitized,” Mr. Fabris said.

The technology, which is known as Irene (Image, Reconstruct, Erase Noise, Etc.), was developed by the particle physicist Carl Haber and the engineer Earl Cornell at Lawrence Berkeley. Irene extracts sound from cylinder and disk records. It can also reconstruct audio from recordings so badly damaged they were deemed unplayable.

“We are now hearing sounds from history that I did not expect to hear in my lifetime,” Mr. Fabris said.

The Rolfses said they were not sure what to expect in August when they carefully packed their two Edison doll cylinders, still attached to their motors, and drove from their home in Hortonville, Wis., to the National Document Conservation Center in Andover, Mass. The center had recently acquired Irene technology.

Audio

Cylinders carry sound in a spiral groove cut by a phonograph recording needle that vibrates up and down, creating a surface made of tiny hills and valleys. In the Irene set-up, a microscope perched above the shaft takes thousands of high-resolution images of small sections of the grooves.

Stitched together, the images provide a topographic map of the cylinder’s surface, charting changes in depth as small as one five-hundredth the thickness of a human hair. Pitch, volume and timbre are all encoded in the hills and valleys and the speed at which the record is played.

At the conservation center, the preservation specialist Mason Vander Lugt attached one of the cylinders to the end of a rotating shaft. Huddled around a computer screen, the Rolfses first saw the wiggly waveform generated by Irene. Then came the digital audio. The words were at first indistinct, but as Mr. Lugt filtered out more of the noise, the rhyme became clearer.

“That was the Eureka moment,” Mr. Rolfs said.

In 1890, a girl in Edison’s laboratory had recited:

There was a little girl,

And she had a little curl

Audio

Right in the middle of her forehead.

When she was good,

She was very, very good.

But when she was bad, she was horrid.

Recently, the conservation center turned up another surprise.

In 2010, the Woody Guthrie Foundation received 18 oversize phonograph disks from an anonymous donor. No one knew if any of the dirt-stained recordings featured Guthrie, but Tiffany Colannino, then the foundation’s archivist, had stored them unplayed until she heard about Irene.

Last fall, the center extracted audio from one of the records, labeled “Jam Session 9” and emailed the digital file to Ms. Colannino.

“I was just sitting in my dining room, and the next thing I know, I’m hearing Woody,” she said. In between solo performances of “Ladies Auxiliary,” “Jesus Christ,” and “Dead or Alive,” Guthrie tells jokes, offers some back story, and makes the audience laugh. “It is quintessential Guthrie,” Ms. Colannino said.

The Rolfses’ dolls are back in the display cabinet in Wisconsin. But with audio stored on several computers, they now have a permanent voice.

Ghostly Voices From Thomas Edisonís Dolls Can Now Be Heard

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